Corns and Callus

Corns and calluses are hardened layers of skin that form as a result of friction, typically against shoes.

What are the differences between corns and calluses?

Corns are typically smaller in size than calluses. They tend to form at the top of your toes due to friction against footwear. They can be painful when pressed.

Calluses typically form at the sole of your foot, particularly around the heel and the balls of your feet. They typically aren’t painful to the touch.

Wearing shoes with a large toe box area can help reduce the risk of developing corns. It’s important to regularly clean the build up of dry skin by soaking your feet in warm water for 10 minutes and filing with a pumice stone.

If you are diabetic take extra care when filling and ensure that you check for cuts and blisters to avoid the risk of an infection. You may prefer to have regular treatment with a podiatric specialist.

If you find that the corns and calluses still persist then you can arrange an appointment with a specialist who can assist with treatment, this may include:


The corn and / or callus will be carefully removed by a podiatrist with the use of a scalpel. Moisturiser may be used to soften the area.


Your specialist may recommend custom orthotics to reduce the friction between footwear and your feet. If you have additional issues, such as bunions and hammertoes, these can cause formation of corns and calluses, orthotics can help by redistributing the weight and supporting the toes affected by bunions and hammertoes.

Surgical Management

If you have a persistent corn then your specialist may recommend surgical removal. Please click here to find out more.